Personal files of Korean War orphans and American and British POWs

Personal files of Korean War orphans and American and British POWs

Dr. Joanna Hosaniak Traces of unknown human histories.  Personal files of Korean War orphans residing in Poland and of American and British Prisoners of Korean War in the Polish Secret Apparatus Documentation of the 1950s In 2017, a group of North Korean university students resettling in South Korea participated in a training program on transitional justice in Poland organized by Citizens’ Alliance for North Korean Human Rights (NKHR) with the assistance of Poland’s Institute of National Remembrance (IPN). This program also included visits to Auschwitz concentration camp and Kraków (Cracow). Our Polish guide there, an energetic old lady, greeted the North Korean students in the Korean language. She explained that when she became an orphan during WWII in Poland, she was sent to an orphanage in Kraków, where she shared…
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Documents concerning the Neutral Nations Supervisory Commission

Documents concerning the Neutral Nations Supervisory Commission

Dr. Marek Hańderek Documents concerning the Neutral Nations Supervisory Commission in Korea in the Archive of the Institute of National Remembrance The Korean War ended with an Armistice Agreement signed on 27 July 1953. The Armistice Agreement established the Military Armistice Commission and the Neutral Nations Supervisory Commission over the two Koreas. The first body’s main task was to settle through negotiations any violations of the truce. The MAC consisted of ten members, five appointed by the United Nations Command and five appointed jointly by Commanders of the Korean People’s Army and Chinese People’s Volunteer Army. On 27 July 1953, Polish delegation to NNSC entered DPRK and reached Kaesong The NNSC conducted observations and inspections where violations of the Armistice Agreement were reported to have occurred. The inspections were conducted…
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Military capability of North Korea in 1980s   

Military capability of North Korea in 1980s   

Dr. Rafał Leśkiewicz Military capability of North Korea in the 1980s according to Polish documents of the communist military apparatus For many years the eyes of the whole world have been directed toward one of the last contemporary totalitarian states – North Korea. Although these states often fail, the tests of ballistic missiles and especially of nuclear weapons conducted by its unpredictable leader, Kim Jong Un, have probably disturbed the sleep of several leaders of current military powers. Hopes for a change of attitude of the North Korean leader have been raised in the aftermath of the declarations signed by US President Donald Trump with Kim Jong Un in Singapore on 12 June  2018, but the situation remains unpredictable. When following the discussion on the militarization of North Korea, it…
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