Citizens’ Alliance for North Korean Human Rights (NKHR), since its establishment in 1996 aims to protect the lives of North Koreans and to defend their human rights. As the oldest non-governmental, non-profit organization in South Korea devoted solely to North Korean human rights, it aims to inform international community about the human rights atrocities in North Korea, rescue North Korean refugees and assist in the adjustment and education of North Korean children and youth resettled in South Korea. NKHR played a central role in bringing the attention of the world to the situation in North Korea leading to the establishment of the mandate of the UN Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights in the DPRK, the UN Commission of Inquiry for DPRK and the UN Group of Independent Experts on Accountability in the DPRK. Its ultimate goal is to create a peaceful environment for a harmonious North-South reunification and a democratic national community.
NKHR endeavors to accomplish these goals by:
- Proposing international organizations condemn human rights violations in North Korea,
- Collecting evidence and publicizing information on the current North Korean human rights situation,
- Protecting the lives and human rights of North Korean refugees
- Assisting North Korean population living in South Korea with a focus on youth education and resettlement
- Coordinating efforts with other human rights organizations to fulfill the aforementioned programs
Institute of National Remembrance – Commission for the Prosecution of Crimes against the Polish Nation (Polish: Instytut Pamięci Narodowej – Komisja Ścigania Zbrodni przeciwko Narodowi Polskiemu; IPN) was established by the Polish Parliament based on the Act of 18 December 1998 (with further amendments). IPN is a research institute with lustration prerogatives, as well as prosecution powers. IPN investigates both Nazi and Communist crimes committed in Poland, or on Polish citizens of other states between 1939 and 1990. The Institute operates 10 Branches and 7 Delegations in major cities in Poland.
The following main units operate within IPN:
- The Chief Commission for the Prosecution of Crimes against the Polish Nation
- The Archive of the Institute of National Remembrance
- The Office for Commemorating the Struggle and Martyrdom
- The Office of Search and Identification
- The National Education Office
- The Historical Research Office
- The Vetting Office